(1855 - 1934)

JUDGE CHARLES H. WILLINGHAM has been continuously identified with Runnels county since the days prior to its organization, and when he first established himself in these parts the territory now embraced by the county lines of Runnels county boasted not more than one hundred inhabitants. He has watched the district develop and has had a generous share in the work of progress and upbuilding, so that his pride in the county is indeed a pardonable one, and his record here is one of the highest order. When the county was organized in 1880, he was soon after elected to the office of county judge, and he was continued in the office for twenty consecutive years, by reason of his good behavior on the bench, so it has been said. Certain it is that he gave a service that was highly pleasing to the county at large, and when he retired from political activities some years ago to devote himself more closely to his farming and ranching interests, the people felt that they had lost a capable public servant, and one in whom they might place the utmost confidence. He has, since that time, refused to permit his name to be used as a candidate for any office, except that of the Legislature, devoting himself quietly to his private interests and enjoying a well earned rest from the demands of the public. Essentially a self-made man, Judge Willingham has made the most of every opportunity that came his way, and his record of efficiency and accomplishment is one that undeniably entitles him to mention in a historical and biographical work of this order, whose aim it is to perpetuate to the public and to posterity the records of such as he.
Judge C.H. Willingham was born in Washington county, Texas, on October 26, 1855, and to further establish the exact date of that event, the Judge gives the information that it occured on Friday morning, at three o'clock. He is a son of A.J. and Martha Willingham. The father was born in Georgia, coming to Texas in 1838 and settling in Washington county. At that time the place was more or less a wilderness, and when he settled on a farm in the heart of the county, he took upon himself the herculean task of carving a home out of the virgin wilds. He proved himself entirely equal to the emergency, it appears, for he maintained a continuous residence there from then until 1902, when he died, at the advanced age of ninety-six years, well preserved and hale indeed, for one of that splendid age. The mother, too, seemed to find the hardships of pioneer life in a new country not detrimental to her health and strength, for she is yet living in Washington county, ninety years of age, and in the enjoyment of all her faculties and a fair measure of health and strength. In further mention of these worthy people, it should be said that the father was a man who saw life in its most turbulent aspects as a soldier in the Texas army from 1838 to 1856, and he served in the Mexican war under General Taylor, as well as in the Confederate army during the long civil conflict between the north and south. In the Mexican war he was taken prisoner at Black Fort, but though he was successful in making his escape almost immediately, nearly all the other prisoners were killed in their attempted escape. A fearless man, staunch and true, he went his way through life ready to meet whatever came to him of good or ill, and always ready at a moment's notice to take up arms in the defense of whatever cause he felt a sympathy for. He was a true soldier of fortune, but withal a splendid citizen, earnest and hard-working all his days, and he was honored and loved in Washington county to the end of his career. The family is one of South Carolina origin, and there are to be found today many splendid families of the name of that state.
Nine children were born to these parents, and of the five sons and four daughters, all are yet living with the single exception of one daughter.
Judge Willingham was the first born of the nine children of his parents, and he was deprived of any educational advantages whatever to the age of eighteen years, owing to the fact that the public school system had not penetrated to the region of his birth at that time, and private schools were of equal scarcity. That misfortune, however, did not deter him from making an effort in his own behalf when he came to years of responsibility, and when he was eighteen he went to Baylor University, working his way from the bottom of the ladder of learning through the entire course of the University. He worked outside and paid his own way, so that he is indebted to no one for his education. He studied civil engineering in Baylor University, and when he had finished his studies the first work he undertook was with the G.C. and S.F. Railroad. He worked from Galveston to Fort Worth and from Temple to Lampasas, Texas, with this company, two years and eight months being spent in their employ, and he then accepted a commission with the same road to locate their land certificates in the wilds of the western part of the state. This was no simple task, and it required all the hardihood and fortitude of the young man, son of his father though he was, to carry out the work. But he was determined to make good, and he spent six long hard years in the work, having his own contentions with Indians, wild animals and the poisonous reptiles that infested those hitherto untouched regions. But he felt in his work the pride that Kipling attributes to his explorer in his poem of that name, and the work that he performed in those early days of his career made an impress for good upon his entire life, and he has a pardonable pride in his accomplishments of those years.
His work in the deserts and the mountains ended, Mr. Willingham determined to devote himself to the study and practice of law, and accordingly went to Brenham, Texas, there taking up the study of law in the offices of Breedlove & Ewing, at the same time studying in the Brenham law school. He applied himself to such purpose that he was admitted to the bar on October 28, 1879. When he had finished his studies, his finances were exhausted utterly. His choice of a location had been made, which was Runnels county or that part of the state that later became Runnels county. Being the place he had settled upon as the one where he should practice law, and nothing daunted because of his penniless state, he took his few belongings upon his back and, barefooted, set out for his destination, a distance of three hundred and sixty-eight miles. When he arrived, he found work at once in surveying and running lines for the projected county. The county was definitely organized in April, 1880, with a population of perhaps one hundred souls and less than two years later he was elected county judge, in which office he continued for twenty years, as has already been stated. In 1901 Judge Willingham was elected to the state legislature, serving for four years and performing his duties as a legislator as faithfully and as ably as he had those of county judge.
For some years past the judge has been devoting himself to the cattle business and farming, finding it a most attractive and absorbing enterprise. So much so, indeed, that he has definitely withdrawal from all public service, declining all overtures to public office. All his life the Judge has been a staunch Democrat, and has worked valiantly for the best interests of the party. His support is yet given to the political activities of the county, although he is not so active as in former years.
A member of the Masonic fraternity and of the Odd Fellows, the Knights of Pythias and the Praetorians, as well as the Woodmen of the World, he is well-known and prominent in fraternity matters in Ballinger. He is a member of the Christian church.
On May 17, 1882, Judge Willingham was married to Miss Leslie E. Carr, at Comanche, Texas. She is a daughter of J.D. Carr of Cadiz, Kentucky, a well known merchant of that place, who later came to Comanche county, Texas, and engaged in the mercantile business. He died in 1934 at the age of ninety-three, the mother having preceded him in 1910.
No more enthusiastic Texas may be found than Judge Willingham. He knows the state from border to border and is prepared to speak intelligently upon the subject of her boundless resources and the manifold advantages and opportunities she holds out to home-seekers. A citizen of the most loyal order, he has given of his ability in the most praise-worthy manner, and to him much credit is due for his splendid work in the development and up-building of the county that he assisted in organizing, and in which he served as judge for twenty consecutive years. None is better qualified than he to speak conclusively of the advance and progress of this section of the state in the past quarter century, and none have performed more worthily in the years that have passed.
"A History of Texas and Texans, Volume III" by Frank W. Johnson, The American Historical Society, Chicago and New York, 1914."


Children[2] of Charles Willingham were:
i.   Infant son WILLINGHAM4(Charles3Alfred2Archibald1) was born 23 Mar 1883 in Runnels County, Texas and died 23 Mar 1883 in Runnels County, Texas.
26 ii.   Raphael Edward WILLINGHAM4(Charles3Alfred2Archibald1)  was born 29 Mar 1884. He married Ora LEGG.
27 iii.   Arthur Carr WILLINGHAM4(Charles3Alfred2Archibald1) was born 23 Sep 1885 in Runnels County, Texas and died 24 Feb 1951 in Runnels County, Texas. He married 05 Dec 1909 in Runnels County, Texas to Vida Estelle COMPTON who was born 10 Feb 1888 in Runnels County, Texas and died 02 Jun 1958 in Runnels County, Texas
iv.   Zannette WILLINGHAM4(Charles3Alfred2Archibald1)  was born 12 Mar 1888 in Runnels County, Texas.  She married James Whit PATTERSON who was born 1872 in Tennessee, USA.  James was assistant cashier at a bank.[3]  Zannette and James had no issue.
v.   Infant son WILLINGHAM4(Charles3Alfred2Archibald1) was born 06 Jan 1890 in Runnels County, Texas and died 06 Jan 1890 in Runnels County, Texas.

¦ Notes for Charles Henry Willingham:
¦ Surveyor, ran lines for the projected County of Runnels, Texas.
¦ Runnels County judge for twenty years.
¦ Elected legislator and served four years, Texas State Legislature.

1. "A History of Texas and Texans" by Frank W. Johnson, The American Historical Society, Chicago and New York 1914.
2. Bible Record held by descendant Jerry Willingham of Willingham Insurance, 2007 Ballinger, Texas. Jerry Willingham
3. 1920, 1930 Ballinger, Runnels County, Texas Census

Washington Co. Texas 1870 Census
pg 202                                    Brenham Post Office
fam# 287---Willingham, A. J. 47 GA Farmer (Alfred Jackson, son of Archibald)
Martha 35 Says GA, but know that it is AR (Martha O’Neal, dau John & Nancy Harbour O’Neal)
Sarah 15 Says GA, but know that it is TX
Charley 11 TX (Charles Henry)
F.M. 9 TX says f, but this is Francis Marion, a male
Jackson 4 TX m (Andrew Jackson)
With family  #3 p. 121 A ED 145 Brenham City 1 June 1880, Charles (Henry) Willingham
# 3 C.R. Breedlove m 49 Lawyer VA VA VA
Breedlove children and wife Mary 39 AL SC AL
Charles Willingham m 25 boarder, single, law student, TX GA AR NOTE: This is a son of Alfred J. Willingham and Martha O’Neal Willingham
pg#   1900 June 7,  Ballinger, Runnels Co.,TX  Census V 93  ED 126 Sheet 6 Line 77
fam# - Willingham, Charles H. Oct 1855 44 TX father b. GA mother b. AR; County Judge; (1920 Runnels, Co.; son of Alfred, son of Archibald)
 Lillie  w June 1859 40 KY KY KY
 Ralph E. s Mar 1884 16 TX TX KY (1910 & 1920 Runnels)
 Arthur C. s Sept 1886 13 TX TX KY (1910 Crane, ? 1920)
 Zannett d Mar 1888 12 TX TX KY
1910 Runnels Co. Texas Census
pg -      V 120  ED 213 Sheet 285
fam# - Willingham, Chas H.  54 TX US US, married 28 years; lawyer; real estate
 Lillie E. w 50 KY KY KY 5 children/3 living [should be Ralph E. in Runnels Co., TX; Arthur C. in Crane Co., TX, and Jannett with parents]
 Jannett  d 21TX TX KY single
1910 Runnels Co., Texas Census
pg -      V 120  ED 213 Sheet 324
fam# - Willingham, Ralph E. 26 TX _ _ married 1 year/0 children; Marger Warehouse Supt.
 Ora Lee w 23 TX TX TX
1920 Runnels Co., Texas Census
v 140 ed 215 sht 10 ln 85
309 Thirteenth, Ballinger
R.E. Willingham 34 TX white (Ralph E., son of Charles Henry)
Ora 30 TX wife
Charles D. 8 TX son
Woodrow 7 TX son
Charlotte 3 2/12 TX dau
1920 Ballinger, Runnels, Texas
Willingham, C H      64    Texas TX TX   White                   owns home, no occupation
, Lillie, 60 wife KY KY KY
1930 Ballinger, Runnels Co.,
#359 Willingham, Charles 76 TX GA AR. ,married at age 28, Retired
, Lillie E., wife, 72 KY KY KY married at age 24
1930 Ballinger, Runnels Co., TX
#395 Willingham, Ralph 46 TX TX KY married at age 25
, Ora Lee, wife, 41 TX TX TX married at age 20
, Charles D. Son, 18 TX TS TX
, Woodrow J., son 17 TX TX TX
, Charlotte, dau, 13 TX TX TX
Davis, Ludie/Laudie, sister (?in-law) 52 TX TX TX widow married at 18

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